First aid

One important tip should you ever have to administer first aid: don’t panic or rush, as the outcome depends on you.

  • Get the victim to safety. If they aren’t in danger, avoid moving them.
  • Try to calm the victim down, if they’re conscious, by telling them that the emergency services are on their way.
  • Look for vital signs: whether they’re conscious, breathing and have a pulse.
  • If they’re not breathing: start mouth to mouth.
  • It there’s no pulse, use cardiac massage.
  • When the victim starts breathing and regains a pulse, put them in the recovery position.
  • Stem any bleeding.
  • Cover them up to stop them from getting cold.
  • Don't give them anything to eat or drink.
  • Calm the victim down.
  • If the victim has no breathing problems, the trunk and head should be at the same level.
  • If the victim is dizzy or starts vomiting, put their head to one side.


For external bleeding, you should apply direct pressure to the wound to prevent the flow. If there is anything embedded in the wound, it should never be removed.


Small burns should not require medical attention. Put them under cold running water to stop redness and never use onion, cucumber, egg white or any other home-made remedy.


If someone faints, lie them down and raise their feet, so that the blood flow can get to the head more quickly. Help them, to come round by rubbing alcohol onto their wrists, nape of the neck and forehead, but never on the nose.

Wait until they’re feeling a bit better before giving them any food or drink

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